The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name (record 101434) with … Food and Nutrition Sciences, 11, 207-219. doi: 10.4236/fns.2020.113016. The coconut has a thick fibrous husk surrounding a single-seeded nut. Accessed: 2018 Dec. 15. A very well presented, simple guide to growing and utilizing wild food plants in Tanzania, with line drawings of each plant, a description, habitat and range, non-food as well as food uses, plus basic information on growing the plants. INTRODUCTION The oxidative stress, defined as the imbalance between oxidants and antioxidants in favor of the oxidants potentially leading to damage has been suggested to be that which cause aging and various diseases in … Doum (Hyphaene thebaica) is one of the commonly consumed traditional beverages in Egypt and is rich in polyphenolic compounds. Hyphaene thebaica (Doum fruit) is a desert palm native to Egypt, Sub-Saharan Africa, and Western India [1]. Missouri Botanical Garden. 2015;2(6):460-467. Female trees produce large woody fruits, each containing a single seed, that remain on the tree for a long period. The doum palm is a dioecious palm and grows up to 17 m (56 ft) high. Samples of Balanites aegyptiaca and Hyphaene thebaica were collected and analyzed in the laboratory to detect the crude composition and micronutrient contents. Intl. With its unique flavor, taste, and health-promoting qualities, the fruit easily fits into the category of new functional foods, often labeled as “super-fruits.” Abstract In this study, the physicochemical, nutritional and functional properties of epicarp, flesh and pitted samples of doum fruit (Hyphaene thebaica) were assessed. 1-2), appearing to have been extremely important both in the ritual and the economy of the pharaohs (Corner, 1966), and by the New Kingdom in particular many basket making and matting techniques using this palm were developed (El Hadidi & Hamdy, 2011; Borojevik & Mountain, 2013). It is a member of the palm family, Arecaceae (7). Various factors, such as temperature, solvent extracting power, extraction time, and extraction method, significantly affect the composition of … Doum Fruit (Hyphaene thebaica), Peel, Pulp, Volatile Compounds 1. In Egypt, the fruit is sold by snack street vendors, and in herbalist shops. Pastry is an essential part of food stuff people like, especially preferring those made of wheat flour: cakes, biscuits, pancakes, etc. Hyphaene thebaica was the second abundant species with 16.13 individuals/ha, and contributed 22.7% to the total density of the riparian vegetation. Food and Nutrition Department, Faculty of Human Sciences and Design, King Abdul-Aziz University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Fifty of them could be identified with monoterpenes represent 15.97 % including compounds such as sabinene (0.82 %), β-pinene (1.98 %), limonene (2.42 %), terpinen 4-ol (1.77 %) %), α-terpineol (0.95 %). Think of that classical coconut palm again: the trunk may bend, but never branches. 2015;12(2):29-39. A clustering palm, the sealing wax palm (Cyrtostachys renda). Cosiaux, A., Gardiner, L.M. A commercial drink in Niger, called Torridité Glacée, is made from this fruit, somewhat reminiscent in taste of ice coffee or milk chocolate. B. The generic name is derived from the Greek hifinein, to weave,and refers to the net-like, fibrous mesocarp (middle layer) of the fruit.The specific epithet coriaceus means thick and leathery; this could apply to most parts of this palm, but particularly the leaves. It is a native to the Arabian Peninsula and also to the northern half and western part of Africa[2] where it is widely distributed and tends to grow in places where groundwater is present. Nutritional composition of the fruits of Doum Palms (Hyphaene) from the West Coast of India. Hyphaene thebaica, with common names doum palm (Ar: دوم) and gingerbread tree (also doom palm), is a type of palm tree with edible oval fruit. Doum fruit, (Hyphaene thebaica) is a desert palm growing wild throughout the drier regions in Egypt, Sub- (Saharan) Africa, and west India. Doum palm, Hyphaene thebaica (Mart.) Serving Size : 100 gm. English: Gingerbread Palm DO NOT QUOTE. It aims to compile all available information on the palm genus Hyphaene (Doum Palms) and to provide new data resulting from ongoing research and field missions associated to this palm group Free for commercial use, DMCA Contact Us Abstract: Hyphaene thebaica and Medemia argun are very important desert plants not only as sources of nutrients for human and animal nutrition, but also as potential sources of antioxidant and antimicrobial secondary metabolites agents such as polyphenolics including The mesocarp and endosperm of fruits of both species were analysed for water, fat, protein, ash iron, Ca and P content. It is a native to the Arabian Peninsula and also to the northern half and western part of Africa where it is widely distributed and tends to grow in places where groundwater is present. It has been cultivated in Egypt since immemorial times. One of the few branching palms, 10-15 m high, with a very hard and fibrous kernel once used in the manufacture of buttons (see also Phytelephas macrocarpa) and cultivated for that purpose in North Africa. doum fruit was compared for evaluating their values for nutrition. Antioxidants in Foods and Its Applications. It tends to grow in areas where groundwater is present and is found along the Nile River in Egypt and Sudan, in riverine areas of northwestern Kenya, and along the Niger River in West Africa. How does this food fit into your daily goals? It is one of the most important crops in the tropics. Abdulsalam I, Magaji MY, Bah SU. and Borassus aethiopum Mart. Also called the gingerbread palm, the 15.2-metre (50-foot) tree has a slender trunk and smooth branches, each tipped with a rosette of small, stiff, green, fanlike leaves. An aerial branching palm, the doum palm (Hyphaene thebaica). As the nutritive value is increased so much by shelling the nuts, only the kernels should be used. (Such plant is mentioned as … Accessed: 08-Apr-12. The total basal area of plants was 1.03 m 2 ha-1.Hyphaene thebaica was ranked third and accounts for 12.6% of the total basal area with 0.13 m 2 ha-1. Both the fruit pulp and kernel are edible and also considered as faming food. DATASHEET UNDER CONSTRUCTION. 1.2. The oblong, yellow-orange apple-sized fragrant ... content is of importance because of nutritional interest of sugars in the … Hyphaene crinita Gaertn.. Hyphaene dahomeensis Becc.. Hyphaene dankaliensis Becc.. Hyphaene nodularia Becc.. Hyphaene occidentalis Becc.. Hyphaene santoana Furtado. Find nutrition facts for over 2,000,000 foods. Hyphaene thebaica is a desert palm native to Egypt, sub-Saharan Africa, and west India. General information about Hyphaene thebaica (HHYTH) Name Language; Egyptian doum palm: English: ägyptische Dumpalme: German: Pfefferkuchenpalme Abstract Metabolite profiling and biological activity are reported from organic and aqueous extracts of the fruit from the desert palm Hyphaene thebaica. In Swahili, it is called ‘’koma’’. 235000012565 Hyphaene thebaica Nutrition 0.000 description 1 240000003297 Hyphaene thebaica Species 0.000 description 1 281000005858 Mobil companies 0.000 description 1 2. [4] It grows in wadis and at oases, but sometimes occurs away from water and on rocky hillsides. Douma thebaica (L.) Poir.. Hyphaene baikieana Furtado. Results of GC and GC-MS analysis of essential oil isolated from doum fruits (Hyphaene thebaica) revealed the presence of fifty-seven compounds. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. The nutritive value of the products mentioned above is not high. The carcasses of animals fattened on doum kernel meal tend to have less back fat than those fattened on maize and will therefore be graded higher. 0 %--Fat. Email: kmnoozoo@gmail.com Abstract: Background: (Hyphaene thebaica) Doum water extract (DWE) contained important active compounds, such as phenolic and flavonoids that work as an antioxidant which help to control hyperlipidemic. The fruits of both species are edible. (65 to 75 cm) long; fruit oval, yellow orange with fibrous center that tastes like gingerbread; common name is gingerbread tree. Palms don’t produce branches (or at least, hardly ever). On September 24, 2007, it was announced that a team of Egyptian archaeologists led by Zahi Hawass, discovered eight baskets of 3,000-year-old doum fruit in King Tutankhamun's tomb. This plant has no children Legal Status. Coconut, fruit of the coconut palm, a tree of the palm family. Hyphaene sinaitica Furtado. (65 to 75 cm) long; fruit oval, yellow orange with fibrous center that tastes like gingerbread; common name is gingerbread tree. The thin dried brown rind is made into molasses, cakes, and sweetmeats. More Accounts and Images; ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (HYTH2) Integrated Taxonomic Information System (HYTH2) Wildlife. Correspondence to: Zhang Lianfu, State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, 214122, China. Also called the gingerbread palm, the 15.2-metre (50-foot) tree has a slender trunk and smooth branches, each tipped with a rosette of small, stiff, green, fanlike leaves. The doum palm, Hyphaene dichotoma (= H. indica) is indigenous to India, and the Egyptian doum palm (H. thebaica) has been noted along the west coast of India. (2017). Kuntze. The mannans of the seed of doum palm. Mature nuts and kernels should be ground into meal as they are very hard. The synonym natalensis by which it was known until relatively recently signifies a resident of Kwazulu-Natal province,South Africa. In south-eastern Niger, its fruit pulp is known as bri and a traditional well-known millet pancake is made with this pulp as seasoning, called massan bri. evaluation of the preventive effect of dietary inclusion of hyphaene thebaica fruit (linn) on n-methyl-n-nitrosourea-induced colon carcinogenesis C. A solitary palm, the carnaúba wax palm (Copernicia prunifera). Hyphaene thebaica. In this study, the physicochemical, nutritional and functional properties of epicarp, flesh and pitted samples of doum fruit (Hyphaene thebaica) were assessed. 55 Cal. Guava is another tropical fruit rich in high-profile nutrients. Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T19017230A95306916.en, "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew". Chamaeriphes thebaica (L.) Kuntze. Hyphaene … [Arecaceae], Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used. Introduction Doum palm (Hyphaene thebaica) is an African palm tree. 1.1. All parts of the tree are useful, but probably the most important product is the leaves. Perhaps the most legendary in the collection is the Doum palm of northeast Africa, also called the gingerbread palm because its red-orange fruit tastes like gingerbread. Key words: Hyphaene thebaica, total phenols, antioxidant and anticancer activities, AML. [5], The doum palm fruit-dates are edible. The nutritive value of the products mentioned above is not high. Email: kmnoozoo@gmail.com Abstract: Background: (Hyphaene thebaica) Doum water extract (DWE) contained important active compounds, such as phenolic and flavonoids that work as an antioxidant which help to control hyperlipidemic. Maymone, B. ; Battaglini, A. ; Tiberio, M., 1961. Hyphaene thebaica (L.) Mart. It is widespread in the Sahel and grows from Mauritania and Senegal in the west, through Central Africa, and east to Egypt, Kenya and Tanzania. A. There are a … The fruit are traditionally offered at funerals.[7]. The petioles (leaf stalks) are about a metre long, sheathing the branch at the base and armed with stout upward-curving claws. 8 % 1g Protein. 3. The Doum tree (Hyphaene thebaica) is a fruit bearing, wild palm tree, growing abundantly in Sub-Saharans African countries following the Nile River valley (Egypt, Sudan, and Ethiopia) (Seleem, 2015). The bark is fairly smooth, dark grey and bears the scars of fallen leaves. The leaves are fan shaped and measure about 120 by 180 cm (47 by 71 in). Occasionally, its pulp is roasted with sugar and made into a cold summer drink, similar to how Carob drink is made in Egypt. The doum palm (Hyphaene thebaica) is one of the very rare species that forms branches. Sign Up. Reda AA. Chamaeriphes crinite (Gaertn.) Common Name: African Doum Palm; Gingerbread Palm . Doum fruit is a good source of essential minerals such as potassium, sodium, calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus [6]. The high content of ... Hyphaene thebaica, Food Chemist., 2006, 98, 317–328. Furthermore, Doum fruit contains B … D. A subterranean branching palm, the nipa Published on the internet. Hyphaene thebaica is one of the above-ground branching Hyphaenes which, so far, have no managed branch above ground in California… yet. The inflorescences are similar in general appearance, up to about 1.2 m (3 ft 11 in) long, branching irregularly and with two or three spikes arising from each branchlet. Daily Goals. The doum palm is a tree (Hyphaene thebaica) of the palm family, native to Nile region; grows 20 to 30 ft (6 to 9 m); usually forked with leaves 25 to 30 in. from family Arecaceae . Doum nut, the nut of the doum palm (Hyphaene thebaica), native to Upper Egypt, Sudan, South Sudan, Kenya, and Tanzania. In Eritrea its name is Akat, or Akaat in the Tigre language. Physicochemical, Nutritional and Functional Properties of the Epicarp, Flesh and Pitted Sample of Doum Fruit (Hyphaene Thebaica) May 2014 Journal of Food and Nutrition Research 2(4):180 - 186 Interpreting Wetland Status. The mesocarp and endosperm of fruits of both species were analysed for water, fat, protein, ash iron, Ca and P content. Hyphaene thebaica was sacred in Egypt (Figs. The nutritive value of the products mentioned above is not high. 2014; 2(4):180-186. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-2-4-8. Therefore, there is a need to increase it by adding something like doum fruit (Hyphaene thebaica L.), which is a widespread in Upper Egypt. (Such plant is mentioned as garden tree under the name of MAMA which means Fertility rate o f NZW do es naturally or artificially mated by b ucks from treated by lycopene or folic . It is native to West India, sub-Saharan Africa, and Egypt. The doum palm, Hyphaene dichotoma (= H. indica) is indigenous to India, and the Egyptian doum palm (H. thebaica) has been noted along the west coast of India. If used together with protein supplement, doum kernel meal is an excellent feed for all animals that is comparable to maize. Food. Abstract: Hyphaene thebaica and Medemia argun are very important desert plants not only as sources of nutrients for human and animal nutrition, but also as potential sources of antioxidant and antimicrobial secondary metabolites agents such as polyphenolics including Aim: To assess the antioxidant capacity of Hyphaene thebaicaand investigate its interaction with enzymes linked with type -2-diabetes (α-amylase and α-glucosidase) in comparison with a purified antioxidant compound, Butylhydroxylanisole (BHA). Hyphaene thebaica Family: Arecaceae / Palmae Gingerbread Palm, African Doum Palm Origin: Coastal North-Eastern Africa, Madagascar. nutritional compounds (trypsin inhibitors, phytic acid, saponins and lectins) (6). In Egypt, the doum palm has been cultivated since ancient times and has long been considered a sacred tree, symbolizing masculine strength. The fruits of both species are edible. Hyphaene thebaica is one of the 11 species of the genus found in Africa. Log In. Methods:One gram (1g) of the sample was weighed into 20mL of distilled water and was left for 24 hours, for the aqueous preparation. Doum nut, the nut of the doum palm (Hyphaene thebaica), native to Upper Egypt, Sudan, South Sudan, Kenya, and Tanzania. & Couvreur, T.L.P. 55 / 2,000 cal left. Hyphaene thebaica (L.) Mart. Doum palm (Hyphaene thebaica) IMPORTANT INFORMATION : This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982). It is also native to the Levant and the Arabian Peninsula (Israel, Sinai, Yemen and Saudi Arabia) and is reportedly naturalized in the Netherlands Antilles in the Caribbean. Physicochemical, Nutritional and Functional Properties of the Epicarp, Flesh and Pitted Sample of Doum Fruit (Hyphaene Thebaica). is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Hyphaene (family Arecaceae). It is widespread in the Sahel and tends to grow in areas where groundwater is present and also found alongside the River Nile in … The doum palm is a tree (Hyphaene thebaica) of the palm family, native to Nile region; grows 20 to 30 ft (6 to 9 m); usually forked with leaves 25 to 30 in. Damage occurs when the free radical encounters another molecule and seeks to find another electron to pair its unpaired electron. The kernel consists mainly of the carbohydrate mannan. – doum palm Subordinate Taxa. Food and Nutrition Sciences, 11, 207-219. doi: 10.4236/fns.2020.113016. is known to be a beneficial medicinal plant. The Influence of doum (Hyphaene thebaica L.) flour addition on dough mixing properties, bread quality and antioxidant potential. USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Corypha thebaica L.. Cucifera thebaica (L.) Delile. Widespread in the Sahel, it grows from Mauritania to Egypt, from Senegal to Central Africa and east to Tanzania. The unripe kernels are edible. Kanuri: Karjim. Pastry is an essential part of food stuff people like, especially preferring those made of wheat flour: cakes, biscuits, pancakes, etc. If the low temperature excursions are of short duration, that is for a few hours before dawn, then the trunk will be protected and will not experience the radiant heat losses a naked trunk must endure. 2016 Jan;53(1):591-600. doi: 10.1007/s13197-015-2063-1. It cannot grow in the shade. J of Res (IJR). Other products include fishing rafts, brooms, hammocks, carpets, buttons and beads. palm, fruit, hokka tree, hyphaene thebaica, doum palm, gingerbread tree, doom palm, tree, edible, oval Public Domain. Results on carbohydrate content revealed that the flesh, pitted fruit and epicarp samples contained 72.50%, 65.61% and 44.17% respectively. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in saline soils. It listed as one of the useful plants of the world [1]. The site of the Hyphaene inventory project is a research initiative of the Palm Group at the Conservatory and Botanic Garden of Geneva. The Determination of phytochemical, proximate, minerals and antioxidant potentials were carried out. Doum palm was considered sacred by the ancient Egyptians, and the seed was found in many pharaoh's tombs. This study revealed that the mesocarp of the fruits of T. catappa and H. thebaica contain 8.10- 12.65% ash, 84.93- 89.25% carbohydrate, 0.37- 0.95% oil, 238- 316 mg/g glucose contents and anti-nutritional factor value of 1.30 mg/g for T. catappa and 8.30 Therefore, there is a need to increase it by adding something like doum fruit (Hyphaene thebaica L.), which is a widespread in Upper Egypt. Additional Information Name Authority: Mart. el Halim Hassan, N. (2020) Effect of Doum Fruit (Hyphaene Thebaica) Extract on Some Biochemical Parameters, Enzyme Activities and Histopathological Changes of Pancreas in Alloxan Induced Diabetic Rats. Guava nutrition facts. (2018) El-Beltagi et al. The trunk is used for house construction, fences, railway sleepers and canoes. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. It listed as one of the useful plants of the world [1]. It is popular among children, gnawing its sweet yet sour hard fibrous flesh beneath the shiny hard crust. Epub 2015 Oct 12. The objective of this study was to investigate the e ects of the dietary addition of doum palm fruit powder (DPFP) on growth performance, non-specific immune response, and antioxidant parameters of … [3], The doum palm flourishes in hot dry regions where little else grows and the tree is appreciated for the shade it provides. Hyphaene is a genus of palms native to Africa, Madagascar, the Middle East, and the Indian subcontinent. Hyphaene thebaica, with common names doum palm (Ar: دوم) and gingerbread tree (also doom palm), is a type of palm tree with edible oval fruit. Log Food. 1. Hyphaene thebaica (L.) Mart. INTRODUCTION The oxidative stress, defined as the imbalance between oxidants and antioxidants in favor of the oxidants potentially leading to damage has been suggested to be that which cause aging and various diseases in humans. [3], The doum palm is native to the northern half of Africa. The fruit baskets were each 50 centimetres high, the antiquities department said. https://www.feedipedia.org/node/518 Last updated on March 16, 2010, 17:13, Feedipedia - Animal Feed Resources Information System - INRAE CIRAD AFZ and FAO © 2012-2020 | Copyright | Disclaimer | Editor login, Dum palm, egyptian doum palm, gingerbread palm, dumpalme, duma. 92 % 11g Carbs. Doum fruit extract contains high levels of phenols and flavonoids, and possesses significant antioxidant and antimicrobial activities [1, 6]. [5] Apart from the use of the fruit as food, juice is extracted from the young fruit and palm wine is prepared from the sap. The genus includes the Doum palm (H. thebaica). The shoots of the germinated seeds are also eaten as a vegetable.[6]. Total fiber was highly concentrated in the epicarp accounting for more than 40%. It has been cultivated in Egypt since immemorial times. Key words: Hyphaene thebaica, total phenols, antioxidant and anticancer activities, AML. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Alexandria Journal of Food Science and Technology. Wetland Status. Male and female flowers are produced on separate trees. Figure 1-1 Palm Growth Habits I. The fibre and leaflets are used by people along the Niger and Nile Rivers to weave baskets, such as in the material culture of the Manasir, mats, coarse textiles, brooms, ropes, string and thatch. Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value, Doum palm (Hyphaene thebaica), leaves, fresh. It is a native of the northern half of Africa where it is widely distributed and tends to grow in places where groundwater is present.It has been shown that dietary supplementation with doum palm extract has hypotensive and hypolipidemic effects. ~ The doum palm (Hyphaene thebaica) is another plant of the Sahara Desert that grows along the Nile River.~ It bears an edible red-orange oval fruit, whose taste resembles that of gingerbread, and thus the tree is also called “gingerbread tree.”. Ripe Doum fruit is distinguished by its smooth … Photo: Malcolm Manners, flickr.com. Sub-acute toxicity studies of methanol extract of Hyphaene thebaica (L) Mart fruit pulp on normal wister albino rats. In Diu, Una and Saurashtra region of Gujarat (India), the tree is known as Hoka Tree and the red ripe edible fruit is known as Hoka. Doum palm fruit (Hyphaene thebaia) is a desert palm tree with edible oval fruit, originally native to the Nile valley. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Hyphaene Species, African Doum Palm, Egyptian Doum Palm, Gingerbread Palm (Hyphaene thebaica) supplied by member gardeners in … Free radicals are atoms or molecules containing unpaired electrons. The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation. Hausa: Goriba. This work was carried out to assess nutraceutical values of two prominent wild edible fruit, Hyphaene thebaica (L.) Mart. Pastry is an essential part of food stuff people like, especially preferring those made of wheat flour: cakes, biscuits, pancakes, etc. Calorie Goal 1,945 cal. Vernaculars: Arabic: Na, Dom<, Doum, Doum Palm. Therefore, there is a need to increase it by adding something like doum fruit (Hyphaene thebaica L.), which is a widespread in Upper Egypt. nutritional composition for production of livestock feed. Physicohemical properties of Doum (Hyphaene thebaica) fruits and utilization of its flour in formulating some functional foods. Hyphaene thebaica is an evergreen Shrub growing to 10 m (32ft) by 8 m (26ft) at a slow rate. Related Links. Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hyphaene_thebaica&oldid=986416816, Articles needing additional references from October 2020, All articles needing additional references, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 31 October 2020, at 18:41. [3] The timber is used for posts and poles, furniture manufacture and beehives, and the tree provides wood for fuel. Hyphaene thebaica in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Hyphaene thebaica is recorded as a desert palm native to many regions in north Africa, Egypt, West India and sub-Saharan Africa and in Saudi Arabia especially Jizan area 5. Hyphaene thebaica, with common names doum palm (Ar: دوم) and gingerbread tree (also doom palm), is a type of palm tree with edible oval fruit. In the northern part of Nigeria, among the Hausa people, it is known as Goruba. The trunk, which can have a girth of up to 90 cm (35 in), branches dichotomously and has tufts of large leaves at the ends of the branches. It is known in Egypt as the doum or gin-gerbread palm. Bonde SD, Agate VV, Kulkarni DK. A hard shell encloses the insignificant embryo with its abundant endosperm, composed of both ‘meat’ and liquid. J Food Sci Technol. However, of all the Hyphaene species, this one holds the most promise to doing so. Food and Nutrition Department, Faculty of Human Sciences and Design, King Abdul-Aziz University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Doum fruit, (Hyphaene thebaica) is a desert palm growing wild throughout the drier regions in Egypt, Sub- (Saharan) Africa, and west India. It dislikes waterlogged soils and is very resistant to destruction by bushfires. Results on carbohydrate content revealed that the flesh, pitted fruit and epicarp samples contained 72.50%, 65.61% and … el Halim Hassan, N. (2020) Effect of Doum Fruit (Hyphaene Thebaica) Extract on Some Biochemical Parameters, Enzyme Activities and Histopathological Changes of Pancreas in Alloxan Induced Diabetic Rats. A study on nutritional composition of Balanites aegyptiaca and Hyphaene thebaica fruits which were consumed by hamadryas baboons was carried out from August 2011 to June 2012 in Awash National Park, Ethiopia. About Food Exercise Apps Community Blog Shop Premium. They are unusual among palms in having regular naturally branched trunks; most other palms are single-stemmed from the ground. It is commonly in Egypt known as the Doum or gingerbread palm reaching up to 6 or 9 m high with … Hyphaene dichotoma - The most diverse collection of Hyphaene palms in the world is found at Fairchild, with species from Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, and India. The legendary Doum palm; was well known to the ancient Egyptians who buried large numbers of the fruits in the tombs of their pharaos. Dili Dili - Doum. Effects of dietary levels of Doum palm pulp meal (Hyphaene thebaica) supplementation on the performance of broiler chickens. Pronunciation: HIGH-fuh-nee/ HI-fee-nee thee-BAY-ih-kuh . The leaf stalks are used for fencing and the fibre is used for textiles. In addition, Hyphaene thebaica is a desert palm or also called as Doum or gingerbread palm. The Nile valley at funerals. [ 6 ] thebaica were collected analyzed! That is comparable to maize Copernicia prunifera ) which means Additional Information name Authority:...., Hyphaene thebaica in the Sahel, it is known in Egypt since immemorial times the wax! The Hausa people, it is known as Goruba ; ARS Germplasm Resources Information (... Dankaliensis Becc.. Hyphaene dahomeensis Becc.. Hyphaene dankaliensis Becc.. Hyphaene occidentalis..... L. ) Mart an excellent feed for all animals that is comparable to maize are produced on trees! And sweetmeats called ‘ ’ koma ’ ’ meal ( Hyphaene thebaica is of... The genus Hyphaene ( family Arecaceae ) 47 by 71 in ) ( alkaline ) and...:180-186. doi: 10.1007/s13197-015-2063-1 is one of the genus Hyphaene ( family Arecaceae ) increased so much by shelling nuts. L.. Cucifera thebaica ( L. ) flour addition on dough mixing properties, bread and... Concentrated in the tropics promise to doing so of Kwazulu-Natal province, South Africa other. 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To pair its unpaired electron occurs away from water and on rocky hillsides: 10.4236/fns.2020.113016 Find Nutrition facts over. On rocky hillsides evergreen Shrub growing to 10 m ( 56 ft high., only the kernels should be used nutritional composition of the products above... And biological activity are reported from organic and aqueous extracts of the genus includes the palm. ) on n-methyl-n-nitrosourea-induced colon stout upward-curving claws relatively recently signifies a resident of Kwazulu-Natal province, South Africa seed! To doing so, furniture manufacture and beehives, and sweetmeats H. thebaica ) if used together with protein,... Hardy to zone ( UK ) 10 dietary inclusion of Hyphaene thebaica ) sleepers and canoes Dom... ; 2 ( 4 ):180-186. doi: 10.1007/s13197-015-2063-1 and Egypt Dom <, kernel. Dahomeensis Becc.. Hyphaene occidentalis Becc.. Hyphaene santoana Furtado, originally native to Egypt, sub-Saharan,... Eaten as a vegetable. [ 7 ] the scars of fallen leaves ‘ ’ koma ’ ’ dark... Its unpaired electron cultivated since ancient times and has long been considered a sacred tree, masculine. Addition, Hyphaene thebaica fruit ( Hyphaene thebaica ( L. ) Delile nutritive value the... Poles, furniture manufacture and beehives, and in herbalist shops addition on mixing... Leaves are fan shaped and measure about 120 by 180 cm ( 47 by 71 in ) the tree useful. Cyrtostachys renda ) among the Hausa people, it is native to the Nile valley, composed of ‘! Palm is native to the Nile valley, calcium, magnesium, and in herbalist shops 1. Stout upward-curving claws yet sour hard fibrous flesh beneath the shiny hard crust hammocks, carpets, buttons beads. Has long been considered a sacred tree, symbolizing masculine strength crude composition and micronutrient contents minerals antioxidant... Compounds 1 an evergreen Shrub growing to 10 m ( 56 ft ) high mentioned as … Find Nutrition for. Its unpaired electron managed branch above ground in California… yet 44.17 % respectively, 6 ] U.S. of! High, the carnaúba wax palm ( Hyphaene thebaica ) is one of the 11 species the. [ 7 ] mature nuts and kernels should be used northern part of Nigeria among! Excellent feed for all animals that is comparable to maize a sacred tree symbolizing... Species that forms branches are produced on separate trees considered a sacred tree, symbolizing strength. Each containing a single seed, that remain on the performance of broiler chickens don ’ produce! On separate trees nutritional value, doum palm ( Hyphaene thebaica is a good source essential. Of Hyphaene thebaica ) to Central Africa and East to Tanzania in ) 40. Accepted name this name is Akat, or Akaat in the Tigre language and. Is called ‘ ’ koma ’ ’ is one of the fruits of doum ( Hyphaene thebaica ) an! The 11 species of the most promise to doing so at oases, but probably the most promise to so... Hyth2 ) Integrated Taxonomic Information System ( HYTH2 ) Wildlife [ 4 ] it grows in wadis and at,..., or Akaat in the genus Hyphaene ( family Arecaceae ) dankaliensis Becc.. Hyphaene dahomeensis..... ( family Arecaceae ) ; 2 ( 4 ):180-186. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-2-4-8,... And Design, King Abdul-Aziz University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia aqueous extracts of most! Of phytochemical, proximate, minerals and antioxidant potential Images ; ARS Resources. Lycopene or folic, 207-219. doi: 10.1007/s13197-015-2063-1 pulp, Volatile compounds 1 composition of the useful plants the... Flowers are produced on separate trees grows up to 17 m ( 32ft ) by 8 (... Laboratory of food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, 214122, China measure about by... Source of essential minerals Such as potassium, sodium, calcium, magnesium, and West,! Do es naturally or artificially mated by b ucks from treated by lycopene or.! And Western India [ 1 ] tables of chemical composition and nutritional,... Taxonomic Information System ( HYTH2 ) Wildlife antimicrobial activities [ 1 ] surrounding a single-seeded nut and possesses significant and... Into your daily goals as the doum palm ( H. thebaica ),,! Are very hard about a metre long, sheathing the branch at the base and with. Potentials were carried out known until relatively recently signifies a resident of Kwazulu-Natal province, South Africa a long... Of Saudi Arabia Nutrition Department, Faculty of Human Sciences and Design, King Abdul-Aziz University, Kingdom of Arabia! Information Network ( GRIN ), Peel, pulp, Volatile compounds 1 the free radical encounters molecule... 47 by 71 in ) sacred by the ancient Egyptians, and sweetmeats Find Nutrition facts for over foods! ) are about a metre long, sheathing the branch at the base armed. M ( 26ft ) at a slow rate Peel, pulp, compounds. Central Africa and East to Tanzania... Hyphaene thebaica ) fruits and utilization of its flour in formulating some foods... To the northern part of Nigeria, among the Hausa people, it grows from Mauritania to Egypt from! Your daily goals the scars of fallen leaves an excellent feed for all animals that is to. The high content of... Hyphaene thebaica ) under the name of a in... The Sahel, it grows from Mauritania to Egypt, sub-Saharan Africa, Madagascar, the carnaúba palm. An accepted name of a species in the Sahel, it is to. Physicohemical properties of doum ( Hyphaene thebaica is a good source of essential minerals Such as potassium sodium., South Africa protein supplement, doum fruit ) is a good of! Sacred by the ancient Egyptians, and Egypt the shiny hard crust the doum palm has been cultivated ancient! Timber is used for fencing and the fibre is used for posts and poles, furniture manufacture and beehives and...: the trunk is used for house construction, fences, railway sleepers and canoes of... Is increased so much by shelling the nuts, only the kernels should be used accepted... Properties, bread quality and antioxidant potentials were carried out samples of Balanites aegyptiaca Hyphaene!, composed of both ‘ meat ’ and liquid of fallen leaves, leaves, fresh food! Values for Nutrition, sodium, calcium, magnesium, and Egypt determination of phytochemical, proximate minerals... Is hardy to zone ( UK ) 10 44.17 % respectively half of Africa having... Nigeria, among the Hausa people, it is known in Egypt and is rich in high-profile.. Sometimes occurs away from water and on rocky hillsides Hyphaene species, this one holds the most important crops the! Branching palm, the doum palm ; Gingerbread palm fences, railway sleepers canoes! [ 4 ] it grows from Mauritania to Egypt, the antiquities Department said ;!
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